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INFLUENZA (FLU) VACCINE

Influenza (flu) is a highly infectious illness caused by a virus. Influenza is a single-stranded, helically shaped, RNA virus of the orthomyxovirus family. Basic antigen types A, B, and

C are determined by the nuclear material. Influenza A causes moderate to severe illness and affects all age groups. Influenza A viruses are perpetuated in nature by wild birds, predominantly waterfowl.

 

Influenza B generally causes milder disease than type A and primarily affects children. Influenza B is more stable than influenza A, with less antigenic drift and consequent immunologic stability. It affects only humans. Influenza C is rarely reported as a cause of human illness, probably because most cases are subclinical. It has not been associated with epidemic disease.

 

It is passed on by breathing in droplets of air from infected people. Following respiratory transmission, the virus attaches to and penetrates respiratory epithelial cells in the trachea

and bronchi. Virus is shed in respiratory secretions for 5–10 days. The incubation period for influenza is usually 2 days, but can vary from 1 to 4 days.

 

“Classic” influenza disease is characterized by the abrupt onset of fever, myalgia, sore throat, nonproductive cough, and headache. The fever is usually 101°–102°F, and accompanied by prostration. The onset of fever is often so abrupt that the exact hour is recalled by the patient.

Myalgias mainly affect the back muscles. Cough is believed to be a result of tracheal epithelial destruction. Additional symptoms may include rhinorrhea (runny nose), headache, substernal chest burning and ocular symptoms (e.g., eye pain and sensitivity to light).

 

Although many people recover, usually within a few days, the illness can be serious in older people or people with other illnesses such as diabetes, lung, kidney and heart disease.

 

The most frequent complication of influenza is pneumonia. Reye syndrome is a complication that occurs almost exclusively in children taking aspirin, primarily in association with influenza B (or varicella zoster), and presents with severe vomiting and confusion, which may progress to coma due to swelling of

the brain.

 

Other complications include myocarditis (inflammation of the heart) and worsening of chronic bronchitis and other chronic pulmonary diseases.

 

Antivirals are available and are effective in reducing both the intensity and duration of symptoms provided they are administered early in the course of the disease.

 

 

Comments   

 
H.S.
+21 # StudentH.S. 2010-05-18 10:38
I opended the Influenza section to know about the influenza vaccine in India, specially the Seasonal Influenza vaccine... But the whole article was about the infection not about the vaccine.
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Administrator
+1 # InfluenzaeAdministrator 2010-05-19 14:59
Dear H.S.,
Each section contains description about the disease, the available vaccine its Dosage, Administration, Schedule, Adverse events etc.
You probably didn't looked at the section, it has all the links to the detailed vaccine information.
Plea se feel to clear your doubts if any.
Wish you a good day.
Bye
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Himmat Singh
+2 # studentHimmat Singh 2010-05-20 10:33
Thank you sir, The section was really helpful. Sir can you give me some information about incidence or prevalance of seasonal influenza vaccine in Indian children. it would be of great help if you can tell me, is there any published study done on safety tolerability and effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccine in INDIAN CHILDREN. thank you sir
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Biswaroop Chatterjee
+3 # DrBiswaroop Chatterjee 2013-10-02 07:38
Dear Administrator, Influenza is unique in requiring a newly formulated vaccine every year. In that sense the information in your site is incomplete. For example, as a microbiologist who is often called upon to opine on infections disease issues, I need to know what vaccines are available in the Indian market for the 2013-2014 flu season with full information on the constituent strains of both Influenza A and B virus.
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Himmat Singh
+2 # studentHimmat Singh 2010-05-20 10:36
Currently i am working on the same project on influenza vaccine in Indian children. The information will help me in my project.
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Zyed Khan
+1 # ParentZyed Khan 2011-06-01 19:37
Hi, My 10 month old daughter was administered influenza 2 months back in Malaysia after which we moved to India. Until now we have not given her the second dose. I would like to know where in Chennai (pediatric hospital or clinic) can we get the second dose administered from. Is it ok considering that the manufacturer will be different from the one used in Malaysia.
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Administrator
+1 # influenzaeAdministrator 2011-06-11 16:02
New batch of influenzae vaccine will be released in the month of august. You can vaccinate your child at that time.
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Sanjay Joseph
+2 # DoctorSanjay Joseph 2011-07-25 11:16
Is the flu vaccine available in India made from local strains of the influenza virus? If it is made from strains prevalent in other countries and then imported to India, how effective will this be against locally prevalent strains?
Than ks
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Biswarup Mondal
0 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2011-09-12 20:16
Dear Dr. Sanjay Joseph,

WHO has selected centers all over the world, from where they collect the virus strains prevalent during a year's time. Then WHO finalizes the strain fr both the hemispheres and declares the strains for the current year.

In India the center is in Pune from where the prevalent strains of the current year is collected.
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nisha
+1 # Dr.nisha 2012-09-21 07:59
I have just taken a flu shit in USA, but will be travelling to India from December to March 2013.
Will the US flu vaccine cover me for the flu viruses in India
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nisha
+1 # Drnisha 2012-09-21 08:05
I have just taken a flu shot in USA, but will be travelling to India from December to March 2013.
Will the US flu vaccine cover me for the flu viruses in India
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ashish khandelwal
+3 # name and price of influenza vaccineashish khandelwal 2011-09-15 15:20
dear sir i want to name and price about influenza vaccine so plz tell me
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Biswarup Mondal
+3 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2011-09-20 11:17
There is a vaccine I know. The name is "Influvac" from Abbott India Ltd. Most probably the price is Rs. 650.

Hope this will be helpul for u Ashish
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R K Gupta
+1 # Fluvac MedicineR K Gupta 2012-10-09 10:55
Last Year the price was Rs. 600[censored]-. I got it it from Fortis Hospital Vaishali, Ghaziabad. They get it regularly in Oct. Month.
It is always advisable to take this injection. One can definitely protect himself from flu. If at all he gets this infection, the intensity will be low.
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kamal sing
+2 # Influenzaekamal sing 2011-10-18 21:57
dear sir i want to name and price about influenza vaccine so plz tell me becose,I am suffering from influenza
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Biswarup Mondal
0 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2011-10-19 20:05
Dear Kamal,

Wher e do u stay?

Ther e is a vaccine with the name "Influvac", which is now available in the market. See, if it is available at your place.

For further information you can call me at 09733012424.

Hope the information will help you.
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RAJESH PANDA
+1 # life time flu vaccinationRAJESH PANDA 2011-10-27 20:04
is there any life time flu vaccination available in India for baby age group 12m?
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Samson
0 # JSamson 2011-11-14 21:33
This site also requires to put the Vaciness. Approx Price and Efficiacy.

Can we?

Rega rds, Samson
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Ashok
+1 # Indian Flu VaccineAshok 2012-02-28 13:43
Is there any Flu vaccine available against Indian strains of Influenza Virus.
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ranjeet singh
-2 # effectiveness of influenza vaccineranjeet singh 2012-03-13 14:00
how effective influenza vaccine in india?
if it is compulsory for child in india to vaccinate?
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Mother
0 # MrsMother 2012-06-02 18:33
Dear Administrator,< br [censored]>My Daughter 3.5 yrs old suffers from allergic rhinitis & cough variant asthma.Which seasonal flu vaccine is available to protect her from season flu? when should we get her vaccinated? what is the dose (she is getting vaccinated for the first time against influenza)?
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Biswarup Mondal
+1 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2012-09-21 09:15
Dear Dr. Nisha,

As USA comes in the northern hemisphere, so flu shot taken in USA will also work in India.

But, this year the flu vaccine strains have been changed and will only come in the market in the 2nd week of October. So, I will advice you to take this year's flu shot in october before travelling to India. Or you can Come to India and take the shot. But, it is mandatory to take the flu shot again this year, with the new stains approved by WHO.

For any further help, you can call me 24X7 at +91-9475313487
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Biswarup Mondal
+1 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2012-09-21 09:17
Dear Dr. Nisha,

As USA comes in the northern hemisphere, so flu shot taken in USA will also work in India.

But, this year the flu vaccine strains have been changed and will only come in the market in the 2nd week of October. So, I will advice you to take this year's flu shot in october before travelling to India. Or you can Come to India and take the shot. But, it is mandatory to take the flu shot again this year, with the new stains approved by WHO.
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Biswarup Mondal
0 # Health OfficialBiswarup Mondal 2012-10-12 20:15
Good News Guys.....

Infl uvac 2012-2013[[cens ored]b] for Northern Hemisphere is now available in the market. Contact ur local pediatrician[ce nsored]physicia n[censored]hosp ital[censored]c hemist NOW.....

U can also give me a call at 9475313487
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Joel
0 # MrJoel 2012-10-25 09:29
Dear sir
Gree tings from Nepal.
I am suffering from cold, normally I am struggling for 2 month I also have sinusitis I know there is vaccine for anti flu. please help advise me if it is good to get in injection for me to get better. how much does it cost. please help me in this regrd.

Joel
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Mrs Helen
+2 # Flu vaccineMrs Helen 2013-04-22 11:15
I want to vaccinate my children aged 14,6 for influenza.I want to know from where I can get these vaccines in Mangalore or in Udupi,Karnataka
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shinoby
0 # vaccinesshinoby 2013-08-03 15:11
i would like to know the avilabilty of flu & pneumococcal vaccine in kerala [idukki dt].one of the orphanage in idukki wanted to vaccinate 100 members .plz inform me about the cost
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Himanshu Dabas
0 # Effectiveness of influvac for the patients of influenza.Himanshu Dabas 2013-11-16 18:04
hi,
I want to know about the effectiveness of influvac for the patients of influenza. I'm just 16 and life is difficult for me as I can't even breath properly so a lot of study time of mine is wasted. I'm suffering from it from the last 3 years so will it work for me? If not then what should I do to cure it. And another thing that I noticed is my hairs are getting grey so is this because of influenza or something else? I'm looking forward for your suggeatoons, so please help me if you can.
I'll be grateful for that.

Hima nshu Dabas
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Himanshu Dabas
0 # Effectiveness of influvac for the patients of influenza.Himanshu Dabas 2013-11-16 18:10
hi,
I want to know about the effectiveness of influvac for the patients of influenza. I'm just 16 and life is difficult for me as I can't even breath properly so a lot of study time of mine is wasted. I'm suffering from it from the last 3 years so will it work for me? If not then what should I do to cure it. And another thing that I noticed is my hairs are getting grey so is this because of influenza or something else? I'm looking forward for your suggeatoons, so please help me if you can.
I'll be grateful for that.
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Tanisha
0 # INFLUENZA (FLU) VACCINETanisha 2014-03-01 05:36
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Adm
0 # AdminAdm 2014-03-01 06:17
Can you please tell me where is the vaccine for H1 N1 available in Mumbai and where is it admisntered. If i want a large number of people to be administered waht is the procedure.
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Valeria
0 # INFLUENZA (FLU) VACCINEValeria 2014-04-11 10:49
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